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Change .py files to use 4-space indents.

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'''

PYTHON SOFTWARE FOUNDATION LICENSE VERSION 2
--------------------------------------------

1. This LICENSE AGREEMENT is between the Python Software Foundation
('PSF'), and the Individual or Organization ('Licensee') accessing and
otherwise using this software ('Python') in source or binary form and
its associated documentation.

2. Subject to the terms and conditions of this License Agreement, PSF
hereby grants Licensee a nonexclusive, royalty-free, world-wide
license to reproduce, analyze, test, perform and/or display publicly,
prepare derivative works, distribute, and otherwise use Python
alone or in any derivative version, provided, however, that PSF's
License Agreement and PSF's notice of copyright, i.e., 'Copyright (c)
2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 Python Software Foundation; All Rights Reserved'
are retained in Python alone or in any derivative version prepared
by Licensee.

3. In the event Licensee prepares a derivative work that is based on
or incorporates Python or any part thereof, and wants to make
the derivative work available to others as provided herein, then
Licensee hereby agrees to include in any such work a brief summary of
the changes made to Python.

4. PSF is making Python available to Licensee on an 'AS IS'
basis.  PSF MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED.  BY WAY OF EXAMPLE, BUT NOT LIMITATION, PSF MAKES NO AND
DISCLAIMS ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR THAT THE USE OF PYTHON WILL NOT
INFRINGE ANY THIRD PARTY RIGHTS.

5. PSF SHALL NOT BE LIABLE TO LICENSEE OR ANY OTHER USERS OF PYTHON
FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSS AS
A RESULT OF MODIFYING, DISTRIBUTING, OR OTHERWISE USING PYTHON,
OR ANY DERIVATIVE THEREOF, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY THEREOF.

6. This License Agreement will automatically terminate upon a material
breach of its terms and conditions.

7. Nothing in this License Agreement shall be deemed to create any
relationship of agency, partnership, or joint venture between PSF and
Licensee.  This License Agreement does not grant permission to use PSF
trademarks or trade name in a trademark sense to endorse or promote
products or services of Licensee, or any third party.

8. By copying, installing or otherwise using Python, Licensee
agrees to be bound by the terms and conditions of this License
Agreement.
'''
#! /usr/bin/env python

# Released to the public domain, by Tim Peters, 03 October 2000.

'''reindent [-d][-r][-v] [ path ... ]

-d (--dryrun)  Dry run.  Analyze, but don't make any changes to, files.
-r (--recurse) Recurse.  Search for all .py files in subdirectories too.
-v (--verbose) Verbose.  Print informative msgs; else no output.
-h (--help)    Help.     Print this usage information and exit.

Change Python (.py) files to use 4-space indents and no hard tab characters.
Also trim excess spaces and tabs from ends of lines, and remove empty lines
at the end of files.  Also ensure the last line ends with a newline.

If no paths are given on the command line, reindent operates as a filter,
reading a single source file from standard input and writing the transformed
source to standard output.  In this case, the -d, -r and -v flags are
ignored.

You can pass one or more file and/or directory paths.  When a directory
path, all .py files within the directory will be examined, and, if the -r
option is given, likewise recursively for subdirectories.

If output is not to standard output, reindent overwrites files in place,
renaming the originals with a .bak extension.  If it finds nothing to
change, the file is left alone.  If reindent does change a file, the changed
file is a fixed-point for future runs (i.e., running reindent on the
resulting .py file won't change it again).

The hard part of reindenting is figuring out what to do with comment
lines.  So long as the input files get a clean bill of health from
tabnanny.py, reindent should do a good job.
'''

__version__ = '1'

import tokenize
import os
import sys

verbose = 0
recurse = 0
dryrun  = 0

def usage(msg=None):
    if msg is not None:
        print >> sys.stderr, msg
    print >> sys.stderr, __doc__

def errprint(*args):
    sep = ''
    for arg in args:
        sys.stderr.write(sep + str(arg))
        sep = ' '
    sys.stderr.write('\n')

def main():
    import getopt
    global verbose, recurse, dryrun
    try:
        opts, args = getopt.getopt(sys.argv[1:], 'drvh',
                                   ['dryrun', 'recurse', 'verbose', 'help'])
    except getopt.error, msg:
        usage(msg)
        return
    for o, a in opts:
        if o in ('-d', '--dryrun'):
            dryrun += 1
        elif o in ('-r', '--recurse'):
            recurse += 1
        elif o in ('-v', '--verbose'):
            verbose += 1
        elif o in ('-h', '--help'):
            usage()
            return
    if not args:
        r = Reindenter(sys.stdin)
        r.run()
        r.write(sys.stdout)
        return
    for arg in args:
        check(arg)

def check(file):
    if os.path.isdir(file) and not os.path.islink(file):
        if verbose:
            print 'listing directory', file
        names = os.listdir(file)
        for name in names:
            fullname = os.path.join(file, name)
            if ((recurse and os.path.isdir(fullname) and
                 not os.path.islink(fullname))
                or name.lower().endswith('.py')):
                check(fullname)
        return

    if verbose:
        print 'checking', file, '...',
    try:
        f = open(file)
    except IOError, msg:
        errprint('%s: I/O Error: %s' % (file, str(msg)))
        return

    r = Reindenter(f)
    f.close()
    if r.run():
        if verbose:
            print 'changed.'
            if dryrun:
                print 'But this is a dry run, so leaving it alone.'
        if not dryrun:
            bak = file + '.bak'
            if os.path.exists(bak):
                os.remove(bak)
            os.rename(file, bak)
            if verbose:
                print 'renamed', file, 'to', bak
            f = open(file, 'w')
            r.write(f)
            f.close()
            if verbose:
                print 'wrote new', file
    else:
        if verbose:
            print 'unchanged.'

def _rstrip(line, JUNK='\n \t'):
    '''Return line stripped of trailing spaces, tabs, newlines.

    Note that line.rstrip() instead also strips sundry control characters,
    but at least one known Emacs user expects to keep junk like that, not
    mentioning Barry by name or anything <wink>.
    '''

    i = len(line)
    while i > 0 and line[i-1] in JUNK:
        i -= 1
    return line[:i]

class Reindenter:

    def __init__(self, f):
        self.find_stmt = 1  # next token begins a fresh stmt?
        self.level = 0      # current indent level

        # Raw file lines.
        self.raw = f.readlines()

        # File lines, rstripped & tab-expanded.  Dummy at start is so
        # that we can use tokenize's 1-based line numbering easily.
        # Note that a line is all-blank iff it's '\n'.
        self.lines = [_rstrip(line).expandtabs() + '\n'
                      for line in self.raw]
        self.lines.insert(0, None)
        self.index = 1  # index into self.lines of next line

        # List of (lineno, indentlevel) pairs, one for each stmt and
        # comment line.  indentlevel is -1 for comment lines, as a
        # signal that tokenize doesn't know what to do about them;
        # indeed, they're our headache!
        self.stats = []

    def run(self):
        tokenize.tokenize(self.getline, self.tokeneater)
        # Remove trailing empty lines.
        lines = self.lines
        while lines and lines[-1] == '\n':
            lines.pop()
        # Sentinel.
        stats = self.stats
        stats.append((len(lines), 0))
        # Map count of leading spaces to # we want.
        have2want = {}
        # Program after transformation.
        after = self.after = []
        # Copy over initial empty lines -- there's nothing to do until
        # we see a line with *something* on it.
        i = stats[0][0]
        after.extend(lines[1:i])
        for i in range(len(stats)-1):
            thisstmt, thislevel = stats[i]
            nextstmt = stats[i+1][0]
            have = getlspace(lines[thisstmt])
            want = thislevel * 4
            if want < 0:
                # A comment line.
                if have:
                    # An indented comment line.  If we saw the same
                    # indentation before, reuse what it most recently
                    # mapped to.
                    want = have2want.get(have, -1)
                    if want < 0:
                        # Then it probably belongs to the next real stmt.
                        for j in xrange(i+1, len(stats)-1):
                            jline, jlevel = stats[j]
                            if jlevel >= 0:
                                if have == getlspace(lines[jline]):
                                    want = jlevel * 4
                                break
                    if want < 0:           # Maybe it's a hanging
                                           # comment like this one,
                        # in which case we should shift it like its base
                        # line got shifted.
                        for j in xrange(i-1, -1, -1):
                            jline, jlevel = stats[j]
                            if jlevel >= 0:
                                want = have + getlspace(after[jline-1]) - \
                                       getlspace(lines[jline])
                                break
                    if want < 0:
                        # Still no luck -- leave it alone.
                        want = have
                else:
                    want = 0
            assert want >= 0
            have2want[have] = want
            diff = want - have
            if diff == 0 or have == 0:
                after.extend(lines[thisstmt:nextstmt])
            else:
                for line in lines[thisstmt:nextstmt]:
                    if diff > 0:
                        if line == '\n':
                            after.append(line)
                        else:
                            after.append(' ' * diff + line)
                    else:
                        remove = min(getlspace(line), -diff)
                        after.append(line[remove:])
        return self.raw != self.after

    def write(self, f):
        f.writelines(self.after)

    # Line-getter for tokenize.
    def getline(self):
        if self.index >= len(self.lines):
            line = ''
        else:
            line = self.lines[self.index]
            self.index += 1
        return line

    # Line-eater for tokenize.
    def tokeneater(self, type, token, (sline, scol), end, line,
                   INDENT=tokenize.INDENT,
                   DEDENT=tokenize.DEDENT,
                   NEWLINE=tokenize.NEWLINE,
                   COMMENT=tokenize.COMMENT,
                   NL=tokenize.NL):

        if type == NEWLINE:
            # A program statement, or ENDMARKER, will eventually follow,
            # after some (possibly empty) run of tokens of the form
            #     (NL | COMMENT)* (INDENT | DEDENT+)?
            self.find_stmt = 1

        elif type == INDENT:
            self.find_stmt = 1
            self.level += 1

        elif type == DEDENT:
            self.find_stmt = 1
            self.level -= 1

        elif type == COMMENT:
            if self.find_stmt:
                self.stats.append((sline, -1))
                # but we're still looking for a new stmt, so leave
                # find_stmt alone

        elif type == NL:
            pass

        elif self.find_stmt:
            # This is the first 'real token' following a NEWLINE, so it
            # must be the first token of the next program statement, or an
            # ENDMARKER.
            self.find_stmt = 0
            if line:   # not endmarker
                self.stats.append((sline, self.level))

# Count number of leading blanks.
def getlspace(line):
    i, n = 0, len(line)
    while i < n and line[i] == ' ':
        i += 1
    return i

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

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