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纯C语言实现的一个简单的web服务器

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/*
 * WebServer.c
 *
 *  Created on: Nov 3, 2012
 *      Author: pavithra
 *
 * A web server in C language using only the standard libraries.
 * The port number is passed as an argument.
 *
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>

#define EOL "\r\n"
#define EOL_SIZE 2

typedef struct {
 char *ext;
 char *mediatype;
} extn;

//Possible media types
extn extensions[] ={
 {"gif", "image/gif" },
 {"txt", "text/plain" },
 {"jpg", "image/jpg" },
 {"jpeg","image/jpeg"},
 {"png", "image/png" },
 {"ico", "image/ico" },
 {"zip", "image/zip" },
 {"gz",  "image/gz"  },
 {"tar", "image/tar" },
 {"htm", "text/html" },
 {"html","text/html" },
 {"php", "text/html" },
 {"pdf","application/pdf"},
 {"zip","application/octet-stream"},
 {"rar","application/octet-stream"},
 {0,0} };

/*
 A helper function
 */
void error(const char *msg) {
 perror(msg);
 exit(1);
}

/*
 A helper function
 */
int get_file_size(int fd) {
 struct stat stat_struct;
 if (fstat(fd, &amp;stat_struct) == -1)
  return (1);
 return (int) stat_struct.st_size;
}

/*
 A helper function
 */
void send_new(int fd, char *msg) {
 int len = strlen(msg);
 if (send(fd, msg, len, 0) == -1) {
  printf("Error in send\n");
 }
}

/*
 This function recieves the buffer
 until an "End of line(EOL)" byte is recieved
 */
int recv_new(int fd, char *buffer) {
 char *p = buffer; // Use of a pointer to the buffer rather than dealing with the buffer directly
 int eol_matched = 0; // Use to check whether the recieved byte is matched with the buffer byte or not
 while (recv(fd, p, 1, 0) != 0) // Start receiving 1 byte at a time
 {
  if (*p == EOL[eol_matched]) // if the byte matches with the first eol byte that is '\r'
    {
   ++eol_matched;
   if (eol_matched == EOL_SIZE) // if both the bytes matches with the EOL
   {
    *(p + 1 - EOL_SIZE) = '\0'; // End the string
    return (strlen(buffer)); // Return the bytes recieved
   }
  } else {
   eol_matched = 0;
  }
  p++; // Increment the pointer to receive next byte
 }
 return (0);
}

/*
 A helper function: Returns the
 web root location.
 */
char* webroot() {
 // open the file "conf" for reading
 FILE *in = fopen("conf", "rt");
 // read the first line from the file
 char buff[1000];
 fgets(buff, 1000, in);
 // close the stream
 fclose(in);
 char* nl_ptr = strrchr(buff, '\n');
 if (nl_ptr != NULL)
  *nl_ptr = '\0';
 return strdup(buff);
}

/*
 Handles php requests
 */
void php_cgi(char* script_path, int fd) {
 send_new(fd, "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\n Server: Web Server in C\n Connection: close\n");
 dup2(fd, STDOUT_FILENO);
 char script[500];
 strcpy(script, "SCRIPT_FILENAME=");
 strcat(script, script_path);
 putenv("GATEWAY_INTERFACE=CGI/1.1");
 putenv(script);
 putenv("QUERY_STRING=");
 putenv("REQUEST_METHOD=GET");
 putenv("REDIRECT_STATUS=true");
 putenv("SERVER_PROTOCOL=HTTP/1.1");
 putenv("REMOTE_HOST=127.0.0.1");
 execl("/usr/bin/php-cgi", "php-cgi", NULL);
}

/*
 This function parses the HTTP requests,
 arrange resource locations,
 check for supported media types,
 serves files in a web root,
 sends the HTTP error codes.
 */
int connection(int fd) {
 char request[500], resource[500], *ptr;
 int fd1, length;
 if (recv_new(fd, request) == 0) {
  printf("Recieve Failed\n");
 }
 printf("%s\n", request);
 // Check for a valid browser request
 ptr = strstr(request, " HTTP/");
 if (ptr == NULL) {
  printf("NOT HTTP !\n");
 } else {
  *ptr = 0;
  ptr = NULL;

  if (strncmp(request, "GET ", 4) == 0) {
   ptr = request + 4;
  }
  if (ptr == NULL) {
   printf("Unknown Request ! \n");
  } else {
   if (ptr[strlen(ptr) - 1] == '/') {
    strcat(ptr, "index.html");
   }
   strcpy(resource, webroot());
   strcat(resource, ptr);
   char* s = strchr(ptr, '.');
   int i;
   for (i = 0; extensions[i].ext != NULL; i++) {
    if (strcmp(s + 1, extensions[i].ext) == 0) {
     fd1 = open(resource, O_RDONLY, 0);
     printf("Opening \"%s\"\n", resource);
     if (fd1 == -1) {
      printf("404 File not found Error\n");
      send_new(fd, "HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found\r\n");
      send_new(fd, "Server : Web Server in C\r\n\r\n");
      send_new(fd, "<html><head><title>404 Not Found</head></title>");
      send_new(fd, "<body><p>404 Not Found: The requested resource could not be found!</p></body></html>");
      //Handling php requests
     } else if (strcmp(extensions[i].ext, "php") == 0) {
      php_cgi(resource, fd);
      sleep(1);
      close(fd);
      exit(1);
     } else {
      printf("200 OK, Content-Type: %s\n\n",
        extensions[i].mediatype);
      send_new(fd, "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n");
      send_new(fd, "Server : Web Server in C\r\n\r\n");
      if (ptr == request + 4) // if it is a GET request
        {
       if ((length = get_file_size(fd1)) == -1)
        printf("Error in getting size !\n");
       size_t total_bytes_sent = 0;
       ssize_t bytes_sent;
       while (total_bytes_sent < length) {
        //Zero copy optimization
        if ((bytes_sent = sendfile(fd, fd1, 0,
          length - total_bytes_sent)) <= 0) {
         if (errno == EINTR || errno == EAGAIN) {
          continue;
         }
         perror("sendfile");
         return -1;
        }
        total_bytes_sent += bytes_sent;
       }

      }
     }
     break;
    }
    int size = sizeof(extensions) / sizeof(extensions[0]);
    if (i == size - 2) {
     printf("415 Unsupported Media Type\n");
     send_new(fd, "HTTP/1.1 415 Unsupported Media Type\r\n");
     send_new(fd, "Server : Web Server in C\r\n\r\n");
     send_new(fd, "<html><head><title>415 Unsupported Media Type</head></title>");
     send_new(fd, "<body><p>415 Unsupported Media Type!</p></body></html>");
    }
   }

   close(fd);
  }
 }
 shutdown(fd, SHUT_RDWR);
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
 int sockfd, newsockfd, portno, pid;
 socklen_t clilen;
 struct sockaddr_in serv_addr, cli_addr;

 if (argc < 2) {
  fprintf(stderr, "ERROR, no port provided\n");
  exit(1);
 }
 sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
 if (sockfd < 0)
  error("ERROR opening socket");
 bzero((char *) &amp;serv_addr, sizeof(serv_addr));
 portno = atoi(argv[1]);
 serv_addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
 serv_addr.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
 serv_addr.sin_port = htons(portno);
 if (bind(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &amp;serv_addr, sizeof(serv_addr)) < 0)
  error("ERROR on binding");
 listen(sockfd, 5);
 clilen = sizeof(cli_addr);
 /*
  Server runs forever, forking off a separate
  process for each connection.
  */
 while (1) {
  newsockfd = accept(sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &amp;cli_addr, &amp;clilen);
  if (newsockfd < 0)
   error("ERROR on accept");
  pid = fork();
  if (pid < 0)
   error("ERROR on fork");
  if (pid == 0) {
   close(sockfd);
   connection(newsockfd);
   exit(0);
  } else
   close(newsockfd);
 } /* end of while */
 close(sockfd);
 return 0; /* we never get here */
}

标签:c/c++

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