# WebGIS中一些功能算法实例

1、如何判断平面内两条线是否相交并返回交点？

``` /// <summary>
/// 判断平面内两条线是否相交并返回交点
/// </summary>
/// <param name="a">线段1起点坐标</param>
/// <param name="b">线段1终点坐标</param>
/// <param name="c">线段2起点坐标</param>
/// <param name="d">线段2终点坐标</param>
/// <param name="intersection">相交点坐标</param>
/// <returns>是否相交 0:两线平行  -1:不平行且未相交  1:两线相交</returns>
public static int GetIntersection(ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.MapPoint a, ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.MapPoint b, ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.MapPoint c, ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.MapPoint d, ref ESRI.ArcGIS.Client.Geometry.MapPoint intersection)
{
a = new MapPoint(Math.Round(a.X, 3), Math.Round(a.Y, 3));
b = new MapPoint(Math.Round(b.X, 3), Math.Round(b.Y, 3));
c = new MapPoint(Math.Round(c.X, 3), Math.Round(c.Y, 3));
d = new MapPoint(Math.Round(d.X, 3), Math.Round(d.Y, 3));

//判断异常
if (Math.Abs(b.X - a.Y) + Math.Abs(b.X - a.X) + Math.Abs(d.Y - c.Y) + Math.Abs(d.X - c.X) == 0)
{
/*
if (c.X - a.X == 0)
Debug.Print("ABCD是同一个点！");
else
Debug.Print("AB是一个点，CD是一个点，且AC不同！");
*/
return 0;
}

if (Math.Abs(b.Y - a.Y) + Math.Abs(b.X - a.X) == 0)
{
/*
if ((a.X - d.X) * (c.Y - d.Y) - (a.Y - d.Y) * (c.X - d.X) == 0)
Debug.Print("A、B是一个点，且在CD线段上！");
else
Debug.Print("A、B是一个点，且不在CD线段上！");
*/
return 0;
}
if (Math.Abs(d.Y - c.Y) + Math.Abs(d.X - c.X) == 0)
{
/*
if ((d.X - b.X) * (a.Y - b.Y) - (d.Y - b.Y) * (a.X - b.X) == 0)
Debug.Print("C、D是一个点，且在AB线段上！");
else
Debug.Print("C、D是一个点，且不在AB线段上！");
*/
return 0;
}

if ((b.Y - a.Y) * (c.X - d.X) - (b.X - a.X) * (c.Y - d.Y) == 0)
{
//Debug.Print("线段平行，无交点！");
return 0;
}

intersection.X = ((b.X - a.X) * (c.X - d.X) * (c.Y - a.Y) - c.X * (b.X - a.X) * (c.Y - d.Y) + a.X * (b.Y - a.Y) * (c.X - d.X)) / ((b.Y - a.Y) * (c.X - d.X) - (b.X - a.X) * (c.Y - d.Y));
intersection.Y = ((b.Y - a.Y) * (c.Y - d.Y) * (c.X - a.X) - c.Y * (b.Y - a.Y) * (c.X - d.X) + a.Y * (b.X - a.X) * (c.Y - d.Y)) / ((b.X - a.X) * (c.Y - d.Y) - (b.Y - a.Y) * (c.X - d.X));

if ((intersection.X - a.X) * (intersection.X - b.X) <= 0 &amp;&amp; (intersection.X - c.X) * (intersection.X - d.X) <= 0 &amp;&amp; (intersection.Y - a.Y) * (intersection.Y - b.Y) <= 0 &amp;&amp; (intersection.Y - c.Y) * (intersection.Y - d.Y) <= 0)
{
// Debug.Print("线段相交于点(" + intersection.X + "," + intersection.Y + ")！");
return 1; //'相交
}
else
{
//Debug.Print("线段相交于虚交点(" + intersection.X + "," + intersection.Y + ")！");
return -1; //'相交但不在线段上
}
}
```

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