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python通过PIL缩放互联网上的图片并保存

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python通过PIL缩放互联网上的图片并保存

''' tk_image_view_url_io_resize.py
display an image from a URL using Tkinter, PIL and data_stream
also resize the web image to fit a certain size display widget
retaining its aspect ratio
Pil facilitates resizing and allows file formats other then gif
tested with Python27 and Python33  by  vegaseat  18mar2013
'''

import io
from PIL import Image, ImageTk
try:
    # Python2
    import Tkinter as tk
    from urllib2 import urlopen
except ImportError:
    # Python3
    import tkinter as tk
    from urllib.request import urlopen

def resize(w, h, w_box, h_box, pil_image):
    '''
    resize a pil_image object so it will fit into
    a box of size w_box times h_box, but retain aspect ratio
    '''
    f1 = 1.0*w_box/w  # 1.0 forces float division in Python2
    f2 = 1.0*h_box/h
    factor = min([f1, f2])
    #print(f1, f2, factor)  # test
    # use best down-sizing filter
    width = int(w*factor)
    height = int(h*factor)
    return pil_image.resize((width, height), Image.ANTIALIAS)

root = tk.Tk()

# size of image display box you want
w_box = 400
h_box = 350

# find yourself a picture on an internet web page you like
# (right click on the picture, under properties copy the address)
# a larger (1600 x 1200) picture from the internet
# url name is long, so split it
url1 = "http://freeflowerpictures.net/image/flowers/petunia/"
url2 = "petunia-flower.jpg"
url = url1 + url2

image_bytes = urlopen(url).read()
# internal data file
data_stream = io.BytesIO(image_bytes)
# open as a PIL image object
pil_image = Image.open(data_stream)

# get the size of the image
w, h = pil_image.size

# resize the image so it retains its aspect ration
# but fits into the specified display box
pil_image_resized = resize(w, h, w_box, h_box, pil_image)

# optionally show resized image info ...
# get the size of the resized image
wr, hr = pil_image_resized.size
# split off image file name
fname = url.split('/')[-1]
sf = "resized {} ({}x{})".format(fname, wr, hr)
root.title(sf)

# convert PIL image object to Tkinter PhotoImage object
tk_image = ImageTk.PhotoImage(pil_image_resized)

# put the image on a widget the size of the specified display box
label = tk.Label(root, image=tk_image, width=w_box, height=h_box)
label.pack(padx=5, pady=5)

root.mainloop()

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