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python从一组颜色中找出与给定颜色最接近的颜色

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这段代码非常有用,可以找到指定颜色相似的颜色,比如有一组8个颜色,现在给定一个rgb格式的演示,找出它与8个颜色中的哪一个最接近,如果你需要做一个按照图片颜色搜索图片的程序,这个就非常有用了。

from colorsys import rgb_to_hsv

colors = dict((
((196, 2, 51), "RED"),
((255, 165, 0), "ORANGE"),
((255, 205, 0), "YELLOW"),
((0, 128, 0), "GREEN"),
((0, 0, 255), "BLUE"),
((127, 0, 255), "VIOLET"),
((0, 0, 0), "BLACK"),
((255, 255, 255), "WHITE"),))

def to_hsv( color ):
    """ converts color tuples to floats and then to hsv """
    return rgb_to_hsv(*[x/255.0 for x in color]) #rgb_to_hsv wants floats!

def color_dist( c1, c2):
    """ returns the squared euklidian distance between two color vectors in hsv space """
    return sum( (a-b)**2 for a,b in zip(to_hsv(c1),to_hsv(c2)) )

def min_color_diff( color_to_match, colors):
    """ returns the `(distance, color_name)` with the minimal distance to `colors`"""
    return min( # overal best is the best match to any color:
        (color_dist(color_to_match, test), colors[test]) # (distance to `test` color, color name)
        for test in colors)

color_to_match = (255,255,0)
print min_color_diff( color_to_match, colors)

标签:python

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